Tracking, evaluation and comparison of climate change mitigation policies and actions from a wide range of national, subnational, corporate and civil society stakeholders.


Policies are evaluated, tracked and compared against the internationally agreed 2C target.
Policies are evaluated, tracked and compared against the internationally agreed 2/1.5°C limit.

Action to combat climate change is diverse. National governments, as well as regions, cities, companies and individuals embark on the challenge to reduce emissions. We monitor those players’ actions and develop and apply methods to compare them between peers and to the objective of holding global warming below 2/1.5°C.

NewClimate Institute staff has years of experience in evaluating mitigation commitments and policies and identifying their impact on emissions. We connect to policy makers and researchers all over the world to identify best practice options and understand differences between geographical regions and stakeholders. Besides government policies, we also monitor activities of companies and other institutions.

Key contacts

Prof. Dr. Niklas Höhne
Prof. Dr. Niklas Höhne

Takeshi Kuramochi
Takeshi Kuramochi

Hanna Fekete
Hanna
Fekete

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Associated projects

Climate Action Tracker

Climate Action Tracker provides regularly updated information on countries’ emission reduction policies. It reflects the latest status of the progress being made at international climate negotiations on mitigation commitments. Latest news from the CAT The Climate Action Tracker is a science-based assessment that provides regularly updated information on countries’ emission reduction proposals and policies. It… Read More

Mitigation responsibilities under a 2015 international climate agreement

Analysis of options for mitigation commitments post-2020 under the new international climate agreement to be finalised in 2015. Return to all expertise and projects A new international climate agreement is to be finalised in 2015. It is to enter into force in 2020 and to include – besides other aspects such as finance and adaptation-… Read More

Modelling climate policies of major emitters

Technical background report on analysis of current and potential climate policies for enhancing mitigation ambition in the major emitting countries. Return to all expertise and projects This project identifies important climate policies of the major emitters and estimates their impact on emissions. The analysis, conducted together with PBL, IIASA and Ecofys for the European Commission,… Read More

UNEP emissions gap reports

Since 2010, UNEP synthesises information on the gap between current trend in greenhouse gas emissions and where they would have to be in order to stabilize global temperature increase at 2°C. Return to all expertise and projects Since 2010, UNEP synthesises information on the gap between current trend in greenhouse gas emissions and where they… Read More

How much more could Germany achieve through non-state action?

Quantifying the possible contribution of International Cooperative Initiatives to the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions in Germany

The contribution of energy efficiency to reducing the cost of decarbonisation

How can energy efficiency policies lower the costs of decarbonisation?

Climate Policy Database

Assessment of good practices in the implementation of climate change policies. NewClimate Institute analyses which major emitting countries are implementing good practice policies or policies from a policy menu to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Top 30 emitting countries which cover 82% of global GHG emissions are analysed. The project first establishes a package of… Read More

Mitigation impacts of energy efficiency and renewable energy actions under the One Gigaton Coalition

Quantifying GHG emission reductions resulting from renewable energy and energy efficiency initiatives and programmes in developing countries. NewClimate Institute, together with Yale University, has set up a comprehensive framework to quantify the impact of energy efficiency (EE) and renewable energy (RE) actions in developing countries that are attributable to the One Gigaton Coalition. The One… Read More

International Cooperative Initiatives (ICIs) outside the UNFCCC

Evaluation of the impact of global, regional and national initiatives outside UNFCCC on greenhouse gas emissions. The German Environmental Agency (UBA) commissioned a consortium of NewClimate Institute, Öko-Institut and Fraunhofer ISI to analyse the impact of international, regional and national initiatives outside the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on greenhouse gas emissions.… Read More

Climate Transparency

Climate Transparency is an open global consortium with a shared mission to stimulate a ‘race to the top’ in climate action through enhanced transparency. For this purpose, comprehensive, comparable and credible information about government climate action is spread by bringing together the most important actors in assessing and communicating climate action for the benefit of key influencers and decision makers.


Further reading

The Climate Change Performance Index 2018 Nov 2017 - Developed by NewClimate Institute and Germanwatch, the index ties in with the global Climate Change Performance Index by Germanwatch, a rating of the 58 largest emitters of GHG emissions globally that has been published annually since 2006.
Implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions: Viet Nam Country Report Nov 2017 - The study analyses the country background, emissions trends, ongoing activities and barriers relating to the implementation of the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) of Viet Nam under the UNFCCC. A special emphasis is laid on further mitigation potentials. Fields of mitigation assessed are efficiency, the setting of right incentives for the upscaled deployment of renewables and emissions reductions in the transport sector. The planned increase in coal use – contrary to mitigation ambition in other fields – is assessed in relevance and perspective.
Implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions: Indonesia Country Report Nov 2017 - The study analyses the country background, emissions trends, ongoing activities and barriers relating to the implementation of the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) of Indonesia under the UNFCCC. A special emphasis is laid on further mitigation potentials. Fields of mitigation assessed are land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) governance and monitoring as well as electricity demand and generation. A chapter is dedicated to the ongoing and planned increase in coal use – contrary to mitigation ambition in other fields – including an analysis of the economic role and local impacts of coal.
Countries start to explain how their climate contributions are fair: more rigour needed Nov 2017 - In the lead-up to the Paris Agreement, every country was invited to submit an intended nationally determined contribution (INDC), and indicate how it is fair. We analyse how countries have explained the equity of mitigation and adaptation in 163 INDCs, providing a bottom-up analysis of equity to complement a literature that has focused on top-down allocations.
The Emissions Gap Report 2017: A UN Environment Synthesis Report Nov 2017 - The goal of the Paris Agreement on climate change, as agreed at the Conference of the Parties in 2015, is to keep global temperature rise this century to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. It also calls for efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius. The UN Environment Emissions Gap Report 2017 presents an assessment of current national mitigation efforts and the ambitions countries have presented in their Nationally Determined Contributions, which form the foundation of the Paris Agreement.
Greenhouse gas mitigation scenarios for major emitting countries – 2017 Nov 2017 - This new report by NewClimate Institute, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) provides an overview of projected greenhouse gas emissions in 25 major emitting countries/regions up to 2030, taking into account the emission trajectories based on current policies and the implementation of intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) and nationally determined contributions (NDCs). The study concludes that 16 out of the 25 countries and regions analysed are not on track to achieve the NDC targets they have set for themselves. This study updates our 2016 report.
International Climate Initiatives – A way forward to close the emissions gap? Sep 2017 - This study analyses the potential impact of the most ambitious International Climate Initiatives (ICIs) on GHG emissions in comparison to INDCs, identifies good practices shared by these initiatives, and further discusses the relationship between these initiatives and the UNFCCC.
2020: The Climate Turning Point Apr 2017 - Download report “2020: The Climate Turning Point” – the campaign will highlight why the 2020 turning point is necessary, and importantly how it can be realistically achieved, thanks to exponentially growing climate action. The new report, a collaboration between Yale University, Carbon Tracker and Climate Action Tracker (a consortium of Ecofys, New Climate Institute and… Read More
Assessing the ambition of post-2020 climate targets: a comprehensive framework Mar 2017 - One of the most fundamental questions surrounding the new Paris Agreement is whether countries’ proposals to reduce GHG emissions after 2020 are equally ambitious, considering differences in circumstances between countries. This research article reviews a variety of approaches to assess the ambition of the GHG emission reduction proposals by countries.
Major challenges ahead for Paris Agreement to meet its 1.5°C warming limit Nov 2016 - Press release from the Climate Action Tracker Read the full analysis from the Climate Action Tracker Watch the press release webcast Marrakech—10 November 2016 – The rapid entry into force of the Paris Agreement has created the legal basis for countries to increase their level of action and ambition to meet the 1.5°C warming limit over… Read More

Public presentations & interviews

GHG mitigation scenarios for major emitting countries – COP 23 Nov 2017 - Takeshi Kuramochi, Frederic Hans (NewClimate Institute), Michel den Elzen (PBL) and Nicklas Forsell (IIASA) presented findings from the 2017 Greenhouse gas mitigation scenarios for major emitting countries report at COP 23.
Updated analysis of current climate policies and mitigation scenarios Nov 2016 - Takeshi Kuramochi from NewClimate Institute presents at COP22 in Marrakesh on current climate policies and mitigation scenarios of major emitting countries.  08 November 2016, 16:30 EU Pavilion, COP22 Side event flyer
Comparing the ambition level of INDCs Nov 2016 - Niklas Höhne presents at COP22 in Marrakech on ambition in INDCs. 08 November 2016, 16:30 EU Pavilion, COP22 Side event flyer
INDC preparation process and countries’ progress Nov 2016 - Takechi Kuramochi presents from Marrakech at COP22 on the INDC preparation process and countries’ progress. 07 November 2016 Marrakech, COP22 For further presentations held at the side event see UNFCCC SEORS
Narrowing the emissions gap: contributions for renewable energy and energy efficiency activities Dec 2015 - Niklas Höhne presents from Paris at COP21 on the the 1Gt Coalition report: Narrowing the emissions gap.
Impacts of non-state and subnational action Dec 2015 - Niklas Höhne presents from Paris at COP21 on the impacts of non-state and subnational action for climate change mitigation. 07 December 2015 12:00, German Pavilion, COP21
Progress towards good practice policies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions Dec 2015 - 01 December 2015 Takeshi Kuramochi of NewClimate Institute presents at COP 21 on “Progress towards good practice policies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions”. Tuesday, 1 December, 18.30, EU Pavilion, Room Luxemburg.    
Best practice indicators at the sectoral level and where countries stand Dec 2015 - 01 December 2015 Sebastian Sterl of NewClimate Institute presents at COP 21 on “Best practice indicators at the sectoral level and where countries stand”. Tuesday, 1 December, 18.30, EU Pavilion, Room Luxemburg.    
Narrowing the gap (UNEP Gap Report 2014) Dec 2014 - NewClimate Institute presents in the context of the UNEP Gap Report at COP20 in Lima.
Radio Bayern 2 interviews Niklas Höhne on China’s new climate target Nov 2014 - Niklas Höhne discusses China’s new climate target on Radio Bayern 2. The announcement from the biggest emitters, China and the United States, to set more ambitious targets one year ahead of the 2015 Paris Climate Summit is a very important political development.