Tracking, evaluation and comparison of climate change mitigation policies and actions from a wide range of national, subnational, corporate and civil society stakeholders.


Policies are evaluated, tracked and compared against the internationally agreed 2C target.
Policies are evaluated, tracked and compared against the internationally agreed 2/1.5°C limit.

Action to combat climate change is diverse. National governments, as well as regions, cities, companies and individuals embark on the challenge to reduce emissions. We monitor those players’ actions and develop and apply methods to compare them between peers and to the objective of holding global warming below 2/1.5°C.

NewClimate Institute staff has years of experience in evaluating mitigation commitments and policies and identifying their impact on emissions. We connect to policy makers and researchers all over the world to identify best practice options and understand differences between geographical regions and stakeholders. Besides government policies, we also monitor activities of companies and other institutions.

Key contacts

Prof. Dr. Niklas Höhne
Prof. Dr. Niklas Höhne

Takeshi Kuramochi
Takeshi Kuramochi
 

Hanna Fekete
Hanna
Fekete
 

Return to all expertise


Associated projects

Implications of the decrease of RES-E and battery cost projections for the revision of the NDCs of Argentina, Mexico and Indonesia

Key mitigation technologies, i.e. renewable power generation and battery technologies, are substantially cheaper now than projected in 2015. This project investigates the potential impact of these investment cost reductions for three countries: Argentina, Mexico, and Indonesia.

Climate Action Tracker – Scaling Up Climate Action

In a consortium with Climate Analytics and Ecofys, NewClimate Institute contributes to the Climate Action Tracker’s Scaling Up Climate Action country series. The first round of our analysis covers South Africa, the European Union, Indonesia, Turkey, Argentina, and Australia.

Climate Action Tracker – Climate Governance Series

Developing a framework for assessing countries’ readiness to implement ambitious climate policy.

Climate Change Performance Index

The Climate Change Performance Index is an instrument to enhance transparency in international climate politics. It aims to encourage countries which have, up to now, failed to take ambitious actions on climate protection as well as to highlight countries with best-practice climate policies.

Pathways and entry points to 1.5 °C (PEP1p5)

Return to all expertise and projects This project, jointly developed by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), the Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change (MCC) and NewClimate Institute, aims to develop a scientific and policy relevant assessment of the long-term goal to limit global temperature increase to 1.5°C in the… Read More

Analysing the aggregate impact of global non-state and subnational climate action

Return to all expertise and projects NewClimate Institute is analysing the aggregate impact of non-state and subnational actors (cities, regions and businesses) around the world on greenhouse gas emissions. Since 2018 this research has been conducted in collaboration with Data-Driven Envirolab, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, CDP, German Development Institute and University of Oxford. We… Read More

Implementation of future GHG mitigation goals: Framework conditions and transformative challenges in selected focus countries

Return to all expertise and projects To hold temperature increase to the levels agreed on in the Paris Agreement, countries will have to revisit their mitigation plans and identify options to strengthen them. Additionally, industrialised countries in particular will have to identify areas where cooperative solutions with developing countries and emerging economies can be most… Read More

Climate Action Tracker – Decarbonisation Module

Tracking sectoral decarbonisation indicators for over 30 countries. Return to all expertise and projects In a consortium with Climate Analytics and Ecofys, NewClimate Institute contributes to the “Climate Action Tracker” (CAT) Data Portal, which is a database of decarbonisation indicators on sector- and country-level for over 30 countries. Tasks under this work include (a) maintaining,… Read More

Developing guidance under ICAT – non-state and subnational actors

Providing policy makers with tools and support to measure and assess the effects of their climate policies. Return to all expertise and projects Under the umbrella of the Initiative for Climate Action Transparency (ICAT), an initiative aimed at providing policy makers with common tools and support to measure and assess the effects of their climate… Read More

What the Paris Agreement means for climate action in the Netherlands

Translating the goals of the Paris Agreement into the context of the Netherlands. Return to all expertise and projects The long-term global climate goals of the Paris Agreement adopted by nearly 200 countries in December 2015 imply the necessity for enhanced efforts for greenhouse gas emissions reductions in the Netherlands. The phrasing of the long term… Read More

The potential of business initiatives in emission reduction

How individual companies are contributing to emission reduction. Return to all expertise and projects Aside from national and sub-national governments taking action against climate change, large potential for emission reductions exists in the corporate sector. More and more companies are making commitments to contribute to the long-term targets of the Paris Agreement. These include, for… Read More

What the Paris Agreement means for Germany’s climate action

Translating the goals of the Paris Agreement into the German context. Return to all expertise and projects The long-term global climate goals of the Paris Agreement adopted by nearly 200 countries in December 2015 imply the necessity for enhanced efforts for greenhouse gas emissions reductions in Germany. The phrasing of the long term goals of… Read More

Climate Transparency

Climate Transparency is an open global consortium with a shared mission to stimulate a ‘race to the top’ in climate action through enhanced transparency. For this purpose, comprehensive, comparable and credible information about government climate action is spread by bringing together the most important actors in assessing and communicating climate action for the benefit of key influencers and decision makers.

International Cooperative Initiatives (ICIs) outside the UNFCCC

Evaluation of the impact of global, regional and national initiatives outside UNFCCC on greenhouse gas emissions. The German Environmental Agency (UBA) commissioned a consortium of NewClimate Institute, Öko-Institut and Fraunhofer ISI to analyse the impact of international, regional and national initiatives outside the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on greenhouse gas emissions.… Read More

Mitigation impacts of energy efficiency and renewable energy actions under the One Gigaton Coalition

Quantifying GHG emission reductions resulting from renewable energy and energy efficiency initiatives and programmes in developing countries. NewClimate Institute, together with Yale University, has set up a comprehensive framework to quantify the impact of energy efficiency (EE) and renewable energy (RE) actions in developing countries that are attributable to the One Gigaton Coalition. The One… Read More

Climate Policy Database

Assessment of good practices in the implementation of climate change policies. NewClimate Institute analyses which major emitting countries are implementing good practice policies or policies from a policy menu to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Top 30 emitting countries which cover 82% of global GHG emissions are analysed. The project first establishes a package of… Read More

The contribution of energy efficiency to reducing the cost of decarbonisation

How can energy efficiency policies lower the costs of decarbonisation?

How much more could Germany achieve through non-state action?

Quantifying the possible contribution of International Cooperative Initiatives to the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions in Germany

UNEP Emissions Gap Reports

Return to all expertise and projects Since 2010, UNEP synthesises information on the gap between current trend in greenhouse gas emissions and where they would have to be in order to stabilise global temperature increase below internationally agreed levels. Today the Emissions Gap Report series is one of the flagship publications of UNEP. NewClimate Institute… Read More

Assessment of progress in policy implementation and emissions scenario analysis for major emitting economies

Enhancing analytical capacity on international climate change mitigation and tracking progress of action. Return to all expertise and projects This project, led by PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, informs the Directorate General Climate Action (DG CLIMA) of the European Commission on developments in the field of climate policies. Together with PBL and International Institute for… Read More

Mitigation responsibilities under a 2015 international climate agreement

Analysis of options for mitigation commitments post-2020 under the new international climate agreement to be finalised in 2015. Return to all expertise and projects A new international climate agreement is to be finalised in 2015. It is to enter into force in 2020 and to include – besides other aspects such as finance and adaptation-… Read More

Climate Action Tracker

Climate Action Tracker provides regularly updated information on countries’ emission reduction policies. It reflects the latest status of the progress being made at international climate negotiations on mitigation commitments. Return to all expertise and projects The Climate Action Tracker is a science-based assessment that provides regularly updated information on countries’ emission reduction proposals and policies.… Read More


Further reading

Navigating the nuances of net-zero targets Oct 2020 - We seek to unravel net-zero targets to better enable the identification of truly ambitious actors and enhance support towards them.
Sub- and non-state climate action: A framework to assess progress, implementation and impact Oct 2020 - This Climate Policy journal article introduces a conceptual framework to assess the progress, implementation, and impact of climate action by sub- and non-state actors.
Overview of recently adopted mitigation policies and climate-relevant policy responses to COVID-19 – 2020 Update Oct 2020 - This report presents an overview of recent climate mitigation policies, climate-relevant responses to the COVID-19 pandemic and a state of play of NDC and LTS submissions in 25 countries and regions.
Unpacking the finance sector’s climate related investment commitments Sep 2020 - This report provides insights into the magnitude and ambition of financial institution’s climate-related investment targets, and investigates their relationship with GHG emissions in the real economy.
Accelerating Net Zero: Exploring Cities, Regions, and Companies’ Pledges
to Decarbonise
Sep 2020 - A growing number of subnational and corporate actors set net-zero emissions targets. This paper provides an summary of the momentum of target setting among these subnational and corporate actors.
A radical transformation of mobility in Europe: Exploring the decarbonisation of the transport sector by 2040 Sep 2020 - This report presents a pathway and required policy packages to decarbonise the European transport sector by 2040.
Exploring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on global emission projections Sep 2020 - This report assesses the implications of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated recovery measures on emissions out to 2030 and provide a framework for analysing the ‘greenness’ of recovery packages.
Correcting course: the emission reduction potential of international cooperative initiatives Aug 2020 - This article quantifies the aggregate potential of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reductions in 2030 from full implementation of 17 major international cooperative initiatives.
Fair contributions versus fastest possible reductions Aug 2020 - In this paper with Fraunhofer ISI, we argue that only the combination of assessments on "what is a fair contribution" and of "how much could emissions technically be reduced" can give sufficient guidance for national greenhouse gas emissions targets that are in line with the Paris Agreement.
Beyond national climate action: the impact of region, city, and business commitments on global greenhouse gas emissions Mar 2020 - This article quantifies the net aggregate impact in 2030 of commitments by individual non-state and subnational actors (e.g. regions, cities and businesses, collectively referred to as ‘NSAs’) to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Public presentations & interviews

Introduction to PROSPECTS+ Mar 2019 - Introduction to PROSPECTS+ (Greenhouse gas emissions scenario tool) by Lisa Luna in March 2019
Current policy scenario projections of major emitting economies: 2018 update Dec 2018 - Takeshi Kuramochi presented on "Current policy scenario projections of major emitting economies: 2018 update" at the side event "Tracking progress on Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)” at COP24 in December 2018
Global climate action from cities, regions and businesses presentation for COP24 Dec 2018 - Niklas Höhne presented on "Global climate action from cities, regions and businesses" at the side event "Raising Ambition by Linking National with Non-Party Actions" at COP24 in December 2018.
Implementation challenges of 1.5°C pathways Dec 2018 - Niklas Höhne presented on "Implementation challenges of 1.5°C pathways" at the side event "Emerging Science of 1.5°C: Mitigation Pathways to Paris" at COP24 in December 2018.
How can South Africa move toward a 1.5 C pathway? Dec 2018 - Niklas Höhne and Frederic Hans presented on "How can South Africa move toward a 1.5 C pathway? Scaling up climate action and benefits in electricity, housing, and urban transport" at COP24.
The action plan for 1.5°C Dec 2018 - Hanna Fekete presented on "The action plan for 1.5°C" at the side event " A new understanding of Paris-compatible climate action: Translating 1.5°C into technological, social, and political examples of transitional change around the world." at COP24 in December 2018
From the skies or the sea: How can regulation align international transport with the Paris goals? Dec 2018 - Aki Kachi, Harry Fearnehough and Thomas day presented on "From the skies or the sea: How can regulation align international transport with the Paris goals?" at COP24.
Brown to green presentation for COP24 Dec 2018 - Niklas Höhne presented on "Brown to Green Report 2018", at the "The Emissions Gap and the Brown to Green report – How do we enhance ambition and accelerate action?" side event at COP24 in December 2018.
Preparation of first NDCs kick-started national mitigation policy process, but momentum needs to be maintained Dec 2018 - Frauke Röser, Niklas Höhne and Thomas Day presented on "Preparation of first NDCs kick-started national mitigation policy process, but momentum needs to be maintained", at the "Making climate action more transparent and ambitious" side event at COP24 in December 2018.
Emissions Gap Report 2018 Dec 2018 - Niklas Höhne presented the Emissions Gap Report 2018 at COP24 in December 2018.