Our topics

Agriculture and food systems

Food systems
flagship projects


A rapid and far-reaching transition of agriculture practices and the food system more broadly is key to achieving the objectives of the Paris Agreement. Such transition requires minimising direct emissions from agricultural activities, reducing the impact of land use and induced land use change on deforestation, as well as enhancing carbon sink capacity of lands and soils. It calls for a massive shift in the way our food is produced, processed and transported, as well as behavioural changes in relation to what we  eat and consume. The challenges are complex, considering population growth projections, consumption trends, effects of an already changing climate, and the limited options to reduce some of agriculture’s most problematic greenhouse gasses: methane and nitrous oxide. In addition to compensating for those likely residual emissions, the land sector must also shift to serve as an overall net carbon sink to compensate for emissions in other sectors. Importantly, the transition must consider issues of biodiversity, water, and food security, together with the relevance of the land sector to the livelihoods of billions of people.

Our work on these topics include the following:

  • Analysis and evaluation of policies and measures
  • Development of sector level benchmarks and scenarios
  • Evaluation of sustainable development impacts
  • Analysis of transition risks and response measures
Aligning agribusiness and the broader food system with the Paris Agreement
Publication date 29 Jun 2021

Achieving the mitigation goals of the Paris Agreement calls for a shift in where and how our food is produced, processed and...

A review of successful climate change mitigation policies in major emitting economies and the potential of global replication
Publication date 08 Jan 2021

This scientific article in ‘Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews’ looks at climate change mitigation policies in five major...

What's on the table? Mitigating agricultural emissions while achieving food security
Publication date 24 Jan 2018

A new analysis of agricultural emissions by the Climate Action Tracker shows that reducing emissions through changes in farming...

What’s at stake for steak?
Publication date 11 Jul 2022

Analysing an EU carbon tariff on meat imports with CLIMTRADE The meat industry is a major, and growing, contributor to global...

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