Ein Preis auf CO2 – essenziell, aber allein nicht ausreichend

Klimawandel ist eines der größten Probleme unserer Zeit. Ein Preis auf CO2-Emissionen ist aus ökonomischer Sicht ein adäquates Mittel, die Verursacher zur Verantwortung zu ziehen und effizient den Ausstoß von Treibhausgasen dort zu reduzieren, wo es am günstigsten ist. Aber um die Wende in eine treibhausgasfreie Zukunft zu bewältigen, sind zusätzliche politische Maßnahmen nötig. Read More

Setting a course for decarbonised shipping: An Eight Point Carbon Pricing Plan

To achieve the temperature goals of the Paris Agreement, global emissions – including shipping – must peak as soon as possible and decline rapidly, reaching net-zero by around 2050. To help bring this about, this blog presents eight steps to guide the implementation of a levy for international shipping. Read More

Robust eligibility restrictions for offset credits are needed for CORSIA to truly compensate for the growth in aviations carbon emissions

If airlines are allowed to use all available offset credits certified by programmes such as the UN’s Clean Development Mechanism and other voluntary standard bodies under a new global scheme to address international aviation emissions, the scheme will not truly compensate the sector’s growing CO2 emissions. To achieve the aviation scheme’s objective of carbon neutral growth, policy-makers must adopt robust criteria on the types of offset credits that are accepted. The rules should be designed to ensure that the scheme supports the development of new emission reduction projects or targets existing projects that would stop reducing emissions without further financial support. New research outlines the climate implications of various eligibility scenarios for offset credits. Read More

Paris Agreement Rulebook: Huge achievement but alone grossly insufficient

The adoption of the Paris rule book at COP24 in December 2018 was a historic moment for climate diplomacy, but it alone will not save the climate. The adoption shows that multilateralism can work – that countries can make joint decisions even in an era of rising populism. But the pace of decisions is by far too slow to effectively meet the objectives of the Agreement. The world needs ambitious climate action to have chance to stay within the 1.5°C limit. Read More

Four Ways Development Banks Can Support the Paris Agreement

Multilateral development banks (MDBs) can play a critical role in limiting climate change and helping communities adapt to its impacts. Since 2011, they have provided nearly $200 billion in finance for climate change mitigation and adaptation (so-called “climate finance”). The World Bank Group’s recent announcement that it will increase its climate-related investments means this number is likely to grow. Read More

Lignite pollutants: Roughly 320 premature deaths annually from burning Hambach coal

The Hambach open-pit mine, widely covered in the news in recent weeks, supplies a significant portion of the coal that is burned in the Niederaussem and Neurath power plants in Germany’s lignite mining area of North Rhine-Westphalia. Its harmful effects on the climate and local environment are well known. Recent analysis by NewClimate Institute has estimated the direct impacts on human health of burning the coal to generate electricity. The pollutants produced by the burning of Hambach coal alone contribute to roughly 320 premature deaths per year, caused for example by heart disease or stroke. Read More

Schadstoffe durch Braunkohle: Rund 320 vorzeitige Todesfälle pro Jahr durch Kohle aus Hambach

Der in den letzten Wochen viel diskutierte Tagebau Hambach liefert einen erheblichen Teil der Kohle, die in den Kraftwerken Niederaußem und Neurath im rheinischen Braunkohlerevier verbrannt wird. Dass dies schädlich für Klima und Umwelt ist, ist lange bekannt, doch auch der direkte Einfluss auf die menschliche Gesundheit lässt sich bestimmen: Die durch Verbrennung der Hambacher Kohle erzeugten Schadstoffe tragen zu rund 320 frühzeitigen Todesfällen pro Jahr bei, etwa durch Herzerkrankungen oder Schlaganfälle. Zu diesem Ergebnis kommt eine aktuelle Analyse des NewClimate Institutes. Read More

Long-term low greenhouse gas emission development strategies essential for next short-term steps

Long-term low greenhouse gas emission development strategies are essential to plan short-term steps for greenhouse gas emission reduction and to set targets for the second round of nationally determined contributions. Such long-term strategies should focus on full decarbonisation in line with the Paris Agreement’s long-term goals for each sector and the required financial resources to implement them. This blog provides reasons why. Read More