Overview of recently adopted mitigation policies and climate-relevant policy responses to COVID-19 – 2020 Update

This report presents an overview of recent climate mitigation policies, climate-relevant responses to the COVID-19 pandemic and a state of play of NDC and LTS submissions in 25 countries and regions. Read More

Unpacking the finance sector’s climate related investment commitments

This report provides insights into the magnitude and ambition of financial institution’s climate-related investment targets, and investigates their relationship with GHG emissions in the real economy. Read More

Accelerating Net Zero: Exploring Cities, Regions, and Companies’ Pledges
to Decarbonise

A growing number of subnational and corporate actors set net-zero emissions targets. This paper provides an summary of the momentum of target setting among these subnational and corporate actors. Read More

Exploring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on global emission projections

This report assesses the implications of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated recovery measures on emissions out to 2030 and provide a framework for analysing the ‘greenness’ of recovery packages. Read More

Fair contributions versus fastest possible reductions

In this paper with Fraunhofer ISI, we argue that only the combination of assessments on “what is a fair contribution” and of “how much could emissions technically be reduced” can give sufficient guidance for national greenhouse gas emissions targets that are in line with the Paris Agreement. Read More

Beyond national climate action: the impact of region, city, and business commitments on global greenhouse gas emissions

This article quantifies the net aggregate impact in 2030 of commitments by individual non-state and subnational actors (e.g. regions, cities and businesses, collectively referred to as ‘NSAs’) to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Read More

Greenhouse gas mitigation scenarios for major emitting countries – Analysis of current climate policies and mitigation commitments: 2019 Update

This report provides an overview of projected greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 25 major emitting countries/regions up to 2030, taking into account the emission trajectories based on current policies and the implementation of nationally determined contributions (NDCs). Read More

Assessment of the potentials to increase emissions reduction targets by the major GHGs emitters taking into consideration technological and political feasibility

This report shows the potential distribution of the emissions reduction efforts between different Parties based on different approaches and presents an in-depth assessment of the circumstances influencing the (over-) achievement of the currently suggested emissions reduction goals. Read More

Fairness- and Cost-Effectiveness-Based Approaches to Effort-Sharing under the Paris Agreement

This report shows national GHG emissions reductions for 2030 and 2050 that are consistent with the Paris Agreements’ long-term temperature goal, both based on fairness and cost-effectiveness approaches. Read More

Guiding questions for the Global Stocktake under the Paris Agreement

The independent Global Stocktake (iGST) seeks to increase the accuracy, transparency, accountability, and relevance of the official Global Stocktake benchmarking process by bringing together independent researchers and advocates. In this paper, build on previous work, we aim to identify knowledge gaps as well as potential areas of focus for a successful GST to take place. Read More

The Emissions Gap Report 2019: A UN Environment Synthesis Report

This is the tenth edition of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Emissions Gap Report. It provides the latest assessment of scientific studies on current and estimated future greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and compares these with the emission levels permissible for the world to progress on a least-cost pathway to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement. Read More

Bridging the Gap: Enhancing mitigation ambition and action at G20 level
and globally

This pre-released chapter of the 2019 Emissions Gap Report provides an overview of recent ambitious climate actions by governments as well as non-state actors, and a detailed overview of policy progress and opportunities for enhanced mitigation ambition for selected G20 members. Read More